- Personal income tax (Spanish IRPF)
- Corporate income tax (Spanish IS)
- Indirect tax
- Other taxes
- Nonresident income tax (Spanish IRNR)
- Inheritance and gift tax
Value added tax (VAT) Nature: Indirect tax levied on supplies of goods and services, intra-Community acquisitions and imports made by traders or professionals in Spanish territory (except the Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla). VAT is primarily borne by consumers and, in general, is neutral for companies that act as collection agents, given that they charge output VAT to their customers and receive a refund for input VAT paid to their suppliers. VAT is not neutral in sectors that carry out VAT-exempt activities (such as the financial sector). Tax rates: 21%, 10% and 4% Transfer tax under “transfers for consideration” heading (Spanish TPO) Nature:Indirect tax levied on transfers of assets and rights for consideration, as well as on the creation of rights in rem of use, enjoyment, surety, personal rights (loans) and administrative concessions by individuals or entities that are not traders or professionals acting in the course of their business, as well as on certain real-estate transactions not subject to or exempt from VAT. Tax rates: 1%-10% depending on the taxable event and the autonomous community.
Stamp tax: Levied on, inter alia, the execution of public documents that may be registered at a public registry. Tax rate: 0.5%-2%. Transfer tax under “corporate transactions” heading: Tax levied on certain corporate transactions, such as capital reductions and liquidation. Incorporation of companies and capital increases are excluded from this tax. Tax rate: 1%. Tax on business activities (Spanish IAE): Local tax levied on companies with revenue of at least €1 million, for business activity carried out in a specific municipality through the application of tariffs which are defined according to the business activity performed. Tax on construction, installation projects and works (Spanish ICIO): Local tax levied on any construction, installation project or works requiring a municipal license. Maximum rate of 4% of the cost of the project (depending on the municipality). Tax on increase in urban land value: Levied on the increase in land disclosed in the course of an inter vivos transfer or mortis causa transmission. Inheritance and gift tax: Regional (autonomous community) tax levied on acquisitions for no consideration carried out by individuals (may differ significantly by region). Wealth tax: Regional (autonomous community) tax levied on total assets of individuals (may differ significantly by region).
Nonresident income tax (Spanish IRNR) Nature:Tax levied on income earned in Spain by individuals or legal entities that are not resident in Spain. Permanent establishment (PE): income attributed to an EP is taxed in accordance with corporate income tax rules.. Income obtained without a permanent establishment Main tax rates: -Standard: 24% (19% for EU residents)- Dividends, capital gains and interest income: 19%.- Royalties: 24%.Main exlusions: - Capital gains (does not include buildings, real-estate companies or substantial holdings in companies) and interest income obtained by EU residents.- Dividends, interest income and royalties, in application of EU directives, when paid to associates resident in the EU and providing certain requirements are met.
Inheritance and Gift Tax applies to Spanish resident heirs, beneficiaries and donees and is charged on all assets received (located in Spain or abroad). Nonresident beneficiaries are also subject to this tax as nonresident taxpayers, and must pay the tax in Spain only on the acquisition of assets and rights (whatever their nature), that are located, exercisable or to be fulfilled in Spain. The tax base is formed by the net value of the assets and rights acquired. However, a series of reductions to the tax base are established, which include, most notably, the following: Reduction of 95% of the tax base deriving from a transmission mortis causa to spouses, children or adopted children or, in their absence, ascendants, foster parents or collateral relatives up to the third degree of a professional business, an individual enterprise, or interests in entities or usufructs on them of the donor or deceased which were exempt from wealth tax. The requirements are as follows:- The beneficiary of a transmission mortis causa must keep the assets received for at least 10 years. - The beneficiary cannot carry out transactions that result in a substantial diminution in the value of the assets. Reduction of 95% of the tax base for inter vivos transfers of interests in an individual enterprise, professional business or in entities belonging to the donor which are exempt from wealth tax (or which meet the requirements for such exemption) to spouses, descendants or adopted children provided moreover that (i) the donor is at least 65 years old or has a permanent disability, and (ii) if the donor had been discharging management duties, he/she must discontinue them and stop receiving remuneration in that connection.The tax is calculated by adjusting a tax scale of progressive rates (depending on the value of the estate or gift) with a coefficient that takes into account the previous net worth and the degree of kinship with the donor. As with other taxes devolved to the autonomous community governments, inheritance and gift tax legislation has been adapted to recognize the legislative power of those governments to approve reductions in the tax base and rates and in the coefficients for adjusting the tax payable, based on the taxpayer’s previous net worth. However, Law 22/2009, of December 18, establishes the reductions, rates and coefficients to be applied if the autonomous community in question has not assumed the powers devolved, or where it had not yet made any regulations in this regard..
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